Great Farewell and Its Historiographical Significance

Hamid Qazvini
Translated by: Fazel Shirzad


The subjects of oral history are extracted from the heart of events that are available in the context of people's lives. For this reason, history is considered to be a collection of cultural, natural, social, economic, and political events that took place in the past, time, and place in connection with human life. Despite this situation, many events are not of much interest to historians and documentarians at the time they take place, and they are considered normally, but over time and as emotions died down., layers of events emerge that demonstrate their historical significance.

Iranian contemporary history is full of such events that are historically important in many ways and can provide a clear understanding of Iranian society at a particular time. One of these events is the funeral of Imam Khomeini on June 5, 1989; A ceremony with a population of over 10 million is the largest funeral in the world.

This becomes important when we know that the popularity and spiritual influence of countries’ leaders and rulers will decrease greatly after a few years, but the funeral of Imam Khomeini not only proved the public support for the Islamic Republic and its leaders, but also it play a major role in maintaining national security and internal consistency.

Another important point about the ceremony was the spontaneous presence of the people and the disruption of many previous programs due to crowds and great grief of the peoples.

Obviously, some topics can be part of the research requirements in this project, such as Farewell ceremony with Imam in Tehran Mosalla[1], departure of people from other cities to Tehran, offering prayer on his body, providing security for the ceremony, accompanying people and transferring Imam's body to Behesht Zahra, giving food to people, rescuing the injured, obstacles to burial, and the delay in the burial program, the reflection of ceremony in the political circles of other countries, its effect on political and cultural atmosphere of Iran, the activities of the media during the ceremony, its effect on diplomatic relationships.

Also, due to the presence of millions of people and the participation of related institutions, the number of narrators and memory holders is high, which is expected to have a great variety of information and historical data, and, accordingly, to have a major role in recognizing the event and understanding socially, cultural and political dimensions in terms of quantity and quality, and familiarity with people's view toward Imam Khomeini and system.

Considering what has been said, it seems that the various institutes of historiography and oral history activists, entering this subject, can record parts of this great farewell.


[1] Prayer Hall

Number of Visits: 2298


Full Name:
A memory from Mohammad Reza Yousefi

Stealing medicines from the city pharmacy

In the days after the Islamic Revolution, many people remember that young people gathered in different parts of the cities, and each one represented a group: groups such as the Tudeh party, Monafeghin or the hypocrites, the Fedai Guerrillas, the Democrats, Hezbollah, etc. each of which debated with each other with different political opinions and worldviews, and sometimes physical conflicts occurred between them during the debate. I was also interested in such street debates.

An Intelligent Demonstration

The people of Kurdistan did not have the courage to attend the demonstration due to pressures the regime had put on them. Whenever there was a demonstration across the country, there was no news in Saqqez until we, as the exile who were 10 to 11 people, decided to hold a demonstration there. When we started to demonstrate, two-three police cars had turned on their lights and followed us along with ...

Feeling of suffocation in runnel

Translated by M. B. Khoshnevisan
Saturday and Sunday, 9th and 10th of Dey 1357 (December 30 and 31, 1978) had coincided with the first days of the lunar month of Safar 1399. It had been four or five days since we left the sit-in. The regime showed terrible and intimidating behaviors and confrontations. On the other hand, we also prepared a big rally, which ended at Khorasan Governorate. From the first days of the Dey, the Pahlavi ...
Book review:

A Pious Fighter

On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the re-establishment of Qom Seminary, the Islamic Revolution Document Center has published a collection of books. One of them under the title "A Pious Fighter" is dedicated to the oral history of the life and struggles of Ayatollah Seyyed Hassan Mousavi Shali. This work, authored by Mohammad Kazem Ameli, describes the narrators life, education, religious, cultural and political activities in four chapters.