Human Being and His Memoirs

Although oral history is a relatively new approach in historiography, its background goes back even to the pre-civilization age and the invention of writing and many nations would obtain their historical identity by oral quotation of events. Also the first sources of the great historians such as Herodotus, Thucydides, and Plutarch have been these very oral narrations of witnesses of events.

Close Past

. A historian who knows that the memoir may not be pure, he or she should consider motivations, status, real position and the personal specifications of the interviewee, and at the same time as much as possible and necessary, force the interviewee to speak and lead him or her in his preplanned path. In other words, the interviewer should control the interview, and it is with this control that oral history is differentiated from memoir-writing.

Anatomy of Oral History

For centuries, the historical information was exclusively communicated orally. With the advent of writing, however, people came to rely almost entirely on written documents for information about the past, but the approach of oral communication was almost lost. The advent of sound recording technology has once more enabled students of the past to collect and use information communicated by speech.

Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History

We all have stories to tell, stories we have lived from the inside out. We give our experiences an order. We organize the memories of our lives into stories. Oral history listens to these stories. Oral history is the systematic collection of living people’s testimony about their own experiences. Historians have finally recognized that the everyday memories of everyday people, not just the rich and famous, have historical importance. If we do not collect and preserve those memories, those stories, then one day they will disappear forever.

The Concept and Nature of Interview in Oral History

The main topic of the article is to review the "concept of interview" in the new-born type of historicism known as "Oral History". The nature of interview as "oral connection" is determined on the basis of its goals and relations with the generality of the text's structure. Interview in oral history is generally used as "heuristic instrument". However, we in this article have tried to consider "interview as dialogue" in the oral historicism and the generality of the interviews as historic narration (empirical narration). Therefore, in the first place, oral history must be as proof of history and then a source and a basis of information (Oral Resources) for historicism.

The Most Democratic Method of Historicism

If we pay attention to the propaganda of the public media in Iran and some journals and books published by state and even non-state institutions, we found that these institutions and cultural and publication centers look at the war with a kind of Gnostic-divine approach and tendency and show somehow as if the war is basically a good and holy phenomenon. Even some regard the "Sacred Defense" term as a kind of defense and even the sanctification of war and violence. Is this really correct? Is war really sacred and good?

Oral History and Memoirs

Having become scientific and methodological, oral history has created a field which contributes to other fields of the humanities or benefits from them. It has been based on drawing up remembrances, their analysis and preparation. Memoirs are not only a source for oral history but also one for literature and art. This short article aims to provide the reader with the definition of memoirs-recording and the related terms.

Oral History Writing Know-how

He gathered his initial memoirs from war in Mordad 1367 (August 1988) in Dokooheh Garrison. This was the beginning of a job that was finally led to the writing of the book "Dasteh-1"(Squad-1). We have conducted an interview with a busy author of the books related to eight years of the Sacred Defense about the methods of writing down war's oral history....
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The Levant Morning

The tradition of writing memoirs, diaries, notes, or travelogues is a valuable and important tradition among politicians, and especially among ambassadors and diplomats throughout the world. Iran is no exception, and we have been involved with it during the previous hundred years, although it has been accompanied by ups and downs. The Levant Morning, which is some memoirs of Dr. Hossein Amir-Abdullahian, a senior diplomat at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ...
Book Review: “The Role of Saeed”

Dr. Saeed Keshanfallah in the Words of others

“Written memories and oral memories”
During the funeral of martyr Kamran Nejat-Ullahi on December 27, 1978, the Pahlavi regime military forces fired at the mourners and killed several people near the current Enqelab (Revolution) Square. Hossein Qashqai was one of the martyrs of that event, who graduated from the University of Tehran Faculty of Dramatic Arts in 1973 with a degree in theater and had written and staged several plays.

Arbaeen in Pakistan, 2020

Arbaeen had a different spirit in our country this year, because it coincided with a sharp difference between Shiites and some Salafis. Pakistani clerics insisted that all Shiites attend the gathering, because a few weeks ago, a number of Wahhabis and Salafis marched for three days to honor some of the Companions of the Prophet, as well as Yazid, and insulted the infallible and pure Ahl al-Bayt. They also threw stones ...
Presenting the book In the Color of Patience, Memoirs of Fatemeh Sadr

The Nature of Saddam and the Baath Party in Iraq

The sixth volume of the Oral History Anthology, Imam Musa Sadr Cultural Research Institute
The book In the Color of Patience is the memoirs of Fatemeh Sadr, the wife of Shahid Seyyed Mohammad Baghir Sadr and the sister of Imam Musa Sadr, was published by the Imam Musa Sadr Cultural Research Institute in September 2020. On the back cover of the book can be read: "This book is the narration of Fatemeh Sadr about the joyousness of her fathers house and the delights of Najaf along