The Hardships of Living in the Past

A long alley forward; a way toward the “past”, a long alley that goes back forever, and an alley that goes forward to “future”, these two are against each other but both will reach to “eternity”. All the artists would work on one of these: past, present and future; no matter if they are at their “motherland” or “exile”, in “travel” or “settled”.

žCompanion of memories

Memories are facts which have found their place among all humans, they have always been preserved very well form the beginning. Every human''s life book envelops memories which are basics and frameworks of every relationship.

My job is not writing narratives

Mrs. Maryam Shanaki is one of oral history pioneers in Iran-Iraq eight-year War. She went to Abadan in 1981-82 with her tape recorder and began recording oral memoirs of the girls who had remained in Abadan. This work was the initial step of women oral history compilation in eight-year Holy Defense.

Oral History and Oral Writing in Historical Texts (Relying on Tarikh-e Beyhaghi)

"The past accounts are categorized into two parts and there is no third one; they should be heard from someone or read from a book." Beyhaghi

The Beaver Night & Beside the Oven

What a lot of mediocre soldiers and militants whom have turned into national heroes by the dexterity of the poets, minstrels, artists, and historians. What a lot of wonderful heroes who are buried under the dust of history, because they have not found any way to the mysterious world of artists and writers. Religiously speaking, poets and historians do not write the esteem and reverence of the God's devotees.

Communicative Archives, Documentary Researches

Written, documentary and oral history are three methods of historiography that each one has its own special purpose, credit, and usage; but in our country, documentary and oral historiography under the impression of a phenomenon called Islamic Revolution have created new waves in the study and compilation of history. Collection, record, and publication of documents obtained from pre-revolution police, security and political organizations and the US embassy have helped researchers in their documentary researches and completion of this kind of researches.

Human Being and His Memoirs

Although oral history is a relatively new approach in historiography, its background goes back even to the pre-civilization age and the invention of writing and many nations would obtain their historical identity by oral quotation of events. Also the first sources of the great historians such as Herodotus, Thucydides, and Plutarch have been these very oral narrations of witnesses of events.

Close Past

. A historian who knows that the memoir may not be pure, he or she should consider motivations, status, real position and the personal specifications of the interviewee, and at the same time as much as possible and necessary, force the interviewee to speak and lead him or her in his preplanned path. In other words, the interviewer should control the interview, and it is with this control that oral history is differentiated from memoir-writing.

Anatomy of Oral History

For centuries, the historical information was exclusively communicated orally. With the advent of writing, however, people came to rely almost entirely on written documents for information about the past, but the approach of oral communication was almost lost. The advent of sound recording technology has once more enabled students of the past to collect and use information communicated by speech.

Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History

We all have stories to tell, stories we have lived from the inside out. We give our experiences an order. We organize the memories of our lives into stories. Oral history listens to these stories. Oral history is the systematic collection of living people’s testimony about their own experiences. Historians have finally recognized that the everyday memories of everyday people, not just the rich and famous, have historical importance. If we do not collect and preserve those memories, those stories, then one day they will disappear forever.
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Excerpt from the Memoirs of Nayreh al-Sadat Ehtesham Razavi

I was in Qom at the time, and when the Qom police chief found that I was at Mr. Vahedis house, where he was surrounded; Mr. Vahedi was living in Qom at that time. When Mr. Vahedis house was surrounded, two people knocked on the door and entered the house, and sat with Mr. Vahedi in the guest house. Mr. Vahedi came and said: "lady! They are detectives and come to arrest me";
Excerpts from the memoirs of Seyed Ahmad Zarhani

On the Day 31st Shahrivar 1359 (22nd September 1980)

In the summer of 1980, a member of the Islamic Association of the Dezful Vahdati Base reported: "Iraqi plane MIG has been appearing in Dezful for several days. The defense could shoot them, but the base commander preferred not shoot them. When the MIGs were gone, permission to fire was issued and our expensive ammunition is wasted." He added: "Meanwhile, the commander has planted poppies in the garden in front of his house and he does not fear to meet someone."
An interview with former commander of the 16th Armored Division of Qazvin – 1

Armored General

He came wearing a dress in ripe wheat color, black high-heeled varnished boots, high-quality leather gloves, and gold-rimmed glasses over his nose; a leather hat special for armored horsemen and the golden medal of Fath 2 with three palm tree leaves and the dome of Khorramshahrs Jame (Grand) Mosque as well as the flag of the Islamic Republic of Iran installed on the collar of his blue coat.

Importance of Narrator Tone in Implementation

In order to better understand meaning and tone of the narrator, the author must be precise in ordinary peoples conversation, speech, and dialogue. For example, when you go to Bazaar, be more careful to hear normal conversations and actions and verbal reactions of people that are going on; like a surprise reaction. In implementation, we must respect the narrators tone and expression, and be faithful to it. One of the advantages of bringing the narrators tone ...