Book Review: Haghani School Oral History

September, 2005
ISBN: 2-074-419-964

Since, the concept of Ijtihad has always made it possible for the Jurisprudence to be open to change throughout the history, and for the Shia seminaries to be able to define their activities and educational plans in accordance with the time and spatial conditions. The necessity of responding to people’s needs and questions has made the authorities and clergies to always be prepared to respond to the problems of the day. The history of the activities of the Shiite Ulema during the reign of the Umayyads, Mongols, Safavids, Qajars, Pahlavis the first and second, very well attest to this fact.  

Nevertheless, since, the transformations of and reforms in the Qom theological school during the reign of Pahlavi the second was enmeshed with the Islamic movement in Iran, it has great significance. This is a very diverse and wide subject and this book does not engage with all its aspects. Therefore, this book examines the establishment and activities of one of the cultural centers of religious forces, Haghani School. This research is premised on oral history methodology and explores new aspects of the movement of the religious.

Haghani School was founded by Hossein Haghani in 1962 with the assistance of Ayatollah Milani and some of the clergymen from Qom. The zenith of this school, academically speaking, is the period in which martyr Ayatollah Ali Ghoddousi was the headmaster and martyr Ayatollah Mohammadhussein Beheshti was in charge of the educational matters. Martyr Beheshti is a key thinker and a well known figure of the Islamic movement. A unique characteristic of this school was that its curriculum encompassed modern scientific subjects alongside the old religious subjects. The school was significant among other religious schools in terms of the political role it played. This was of course because of the unique political and cultural ambiance of the school. The influential role of the students of this school in the success of the Islamic Revolution and its aftermath is concrete. This research is based on interviews with prominent figures of this school and other authorized documents.   

The content table of this book is as follows:
Chapter I: Seminaries at the Course of History
Chapter II: Haghani Seminary
Chapter III: Educational Structure
Chapter IV: Political and Theoretical Frameworks
Conclusion: Qom Seminary/Haghani School/ Ayatollah Ghodousi/ Ayatollah Mohammad Hossein Beheshti/ Bahman Shabanzadeh

By: Bahman Sha’banzadeh
Translated by: Jairan Gahan

Number of Visits: 4569


Full Name:
A memory from Mohammad Reza Yousefi

Stealing medicines from the city pharmacy

In the days after the Islamic Revolution, many people remember that young people gathered in different parts of the cities, and each one represented a group: groups such as the Tudeh party, Monafeghin or the hypocrites, the Fedai Guerrillas, the Democrats, Hezbollah, etc. each of which debated with each other with different political opinions and worldviews, and sometimes physical conflicts occurred between them during the debate. I was also interested in such street debates.

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The people of Kurdistan did not have the courage to attend the demonstration due to pressures the regime had put on them. Whenever there was a demonstration across the country, there was no news in Saqqez until we, as the exile who were 10 to 11 people, decided to hold a demonstration there. When we started to demonstrate, two-three police cars had turned on their lights and followed us along with ...

Feeling of suffocation in runnel

Translated by M. B. Khoshnevisan
Saturday and Sunday, 9th and 10th of Dey 1357 (December 30 and 31, 1978) had coincided with the first days of the lunar month of Safar 1399. It had been four or five days since we left the sit-in. The regime showed terrible and intimidating behaviors and confrontations. On the other hand, we also prepared a big rally, which ended at Khorasan Governorate. From the first days of the Dey, the Pahlavi ...
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