Appreciate Oral History

On Thursday, October 22, 2020, the "Specialized Workshop on Oral History of Sacred Defense" was held by the Document Management Department of the General Directorate of Foundation for Preserving and Publishing Sacred Defense Works and Values of Khorasan Razavi and the Directorate of Preserving and Publishing Values of Women Participation in Sacred Defense with the presence of a group of people interested in working in this field at the General Office of ...

A weak compilation hides historical facts

The harms of transcribing the texts in oral history interview is one of the most important and serious issues in the field of compilation and writing; because it can hide part of the historical facts forever. What you are going to read is a short interview with Seyyed Ghasem Yahosseini, one of the well-known persons in the field of oral history, who give an overview on the harms of transcribing the texts of interviews.

The Necessity of Using Keywords for Oral History Sources (part II)

What are the characteristics of keywords?

In the previous part of this note, it was emphasized that the insertion of keyword is one of the necessities of writing any scientific and research text; that the texts of oral history are no exception. Keywords, words, or combinations are derived from text and are related to the main topic, which can be used to summarize the content of text and sub-tittles. In fact, keywords increase the speed and amount in usability of text.

The Necessity of Using Keywords for Oral History Sources (Part I)

One of the necessities of writing any scientific and research text is to prepare and insert keywords. Keywords are words or phrases that are derived from text and are related to the main topic, and by considering them, one can understand the content of the text briefly. In fact, keywords are the titles of minor issue that increase the speed and amount of utilization of text.

It was brought up at the workshop “Midday with Oral History”

Preservation of “lost worlds” with oral history

In the scientific-research workshop “Midday with Oral History”, Dr. Morteza Nouraee said, “There are spaces in old tradition and modern tradition of historiography with which have not dealt and they are called “lost world”. We as just historians must pay attention that we should also deal with the lost worlds in distribution of historiography.” According to the website of Oral History, the scientific-research workshop ...

“Oral History” and “Coffee-house Painting” As Narrated by Mohsen Kazemi

Oral History Is Product of Inquirer Document and Rationalized Document

According to Iranian Oral History Website, the ninth part of "Night of Narration" program, attended by Mohsen Kazemi, an oral history researcher and interviewer and author of the book "Coffee-house Painting," was broadcast on IRIB TV4. In this session, Mehdi Salehi asked questions about item of oral history and the process of researching and editing the book "Coffee-house Painting". At the following, you read details of Mohsen Kazemi answers.

The Art of The Oral Historian- 2

Verification Is Heart of Oral History

The interview should be where the subject chooses; and if possible in a room away from the telephone and television and anything that interferes with recording process. Ideally, the interview should not exceed one hour and should not be more than once a week. Immediately after conducting the interview, implement it and make the implemented text accessible to the subject.

Suggestions for Conducting Oral History

The Art of the Oral Historians

The following text is a translation and summary of David Russell writing "The Art of the Oral Historians". He is author of "Quiet Revolutionary: An Oral History". This transcript which is extracted from UC Santa Barbara Library Website is a practical workshop and his suggestions for doing oral history work. The following text is a translation of a part which is before this interview.

Few Tips on Oral History Interviewing

History is collective incidents, events and past experiences, and the fate of each individual depends on it. Hence, this fundamental fact must be taken into account when collecting, recording and narrating it in various forms (written, non-written). The collective might be small (family, family, city, region) or large (ethnicity, race, nation, country). Thus, the term history embodies the meaning of the group and is the opposite of the individual and the individuality.

Typology of Oral History (2)

Co-narration; collective narrative in basic narrative

The transformation of the oral history from elitism point of view to the social structures; from soldiers and infantry forces to the workers and employees of administrative agencies and female workers in factories, can bring oral history to its natural sphere and be the means of its development and update in Iran.
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An Excerpt from Ahmad Mansouri memoirs on the eve of Nowruz 1358 (March 21, 1979)

Protection of Paarchin Military Industries

Immediately after fall of the Pahlavi military and security headquarters and the victory of the Islamic Revolution, people in every city and neighborhood took over the protection of the region, and established the Islamic Revolution Committees, which was a spontaneous revolutionary institution. The people of East Tehran also had voluntarily gathered in Parchin to protect the military industry of Parchin, which included several factories and critical centers of the military industry in about forty kilometers area.

A Critique on the Oral History of War; Reviewing an Interview

Following the decision of the Sacred Defense Documentation and Research Center to interview with war commanders under the title "Oral History of Commanders", designed and implemented by the late Dr. Ardestani, I have steadily studied and written various notes about the oral history, with respect to the importance of methodology. In Persian references, the oral history has been perceived and emphasized more by the validity of the oral methodology and its distinction ...
As a rescue worker, a girl teenager narrates about the sacred defense

The People of the War Zones Were All Warrior

A report on the women activities behind the front line during the holy defense
The first years of Monire Sadeghis adolescence coincided with the outbreak of the imposed war. She is one of the active girl teen in the eight years of the holy defense, who was a regular volunteer in Basij, served as a rescue worker in war zones, and was engaged in military training of women since the first years of the imposed war. Sadeghi was born in 1968 in Ilam and has memories ...

An Excerpt from the Memoirs of Colonel Ali Ghamari

On October 22, 1980, it was announced that all the defenders of the garrison Khorramshahr have died a martyr, which had a very bad effect on fighters spirit, because our place, that is the garrison Khorramshahr, had been completely occupied by the Iraqis. Many cried when heard this news. I was very upset to hear it, but could not believe whether it was true. So, I sent one of the informants to investigate about it and then to let me know.